Complete dentures are used to replace missing teeth for people with no remaining teeth. They may also be used for people who have lost several teeth. In this case, the appliance is called a partial or over denture.
Tooth loss may result from periodontal disease (gum disease), tooth decay, or traumatic injury. It is very important to replace missing teeth. The ill effects of not doing so can be a shift in remaining teeth, an inability to bite and chew properly, as well as a sagging facial appearance, which makes one appear older than they are.
The beauty of today’s dentures is that they are designed to be comfortable and functional. They are very similar in appearance to natural teeth, and can improve a smile or facial appearance.
WHY IT IS NECESSARY TO REPLACE LOST TEETH?
Loss of teeth impacts chewing of food and also affects the aesthetics of the person by
altering the lip and cheek appearance. When a lost tooth is not replaced there is a
tendency for the adjacent and opposing teeth to move into the empty space created by
the lost teeth. Thus the person’s occlusion or bite is altered. In addition the loss of teeth
causes shrinkage of the bone at that area. In order to avoid all these problems it is
advisable to replace lost teeth by artificial dentures.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DENTURES?
Complete Dentures Replace all the Teeth Partial Dentures Replace a few Teeth
1) Removable partial dentures replace a few teeth and are designed to be removed
and replaced by the patient.
2) Span-fixed partial dentures replace a few teeth but cannot be removed by the
A new type of denture gaining popularity is the Implant Retained Denture that can be
used to replace some or all teeth. This type of denture comprises metallic implants that
are embedded into the bone and give support for artificial teeth.
Dentists advise all the patients to always rinse the dentures thoroughly under running
water. Other cleaning methods to be practices are as follows:
1) Soak dentures daily with an immersion cleaner following the manufacturer’s
2) Clean your dentures a second time each day using a denture cleaning paste and a
denture brush. Do not use toothpaste.
3) Scrub your dentures weekly with a thick mix of cleaner containing bleach. Rinse
thoroughly when completed.
4) If heavy calculus (tartar) deposits form on your denture – soak overnight in white
vinegar, brush area carefully in the morning and rinse thoroughly. This procedure
may be used on partial dentures.
When handling your dentures do so over a sink filled with water. This will cushion them
should they slip and fall. When your dentures are being cleaned, rinse your mouth
thoroughly with water. Brush your upper and lower jaw ridges and tongue with a soft
bristle tooth brush. Finger massaging of the ridges is also helpful.
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